Looking down on others is looking down on yourself. Looking down on others show how shallow one person is. How you treat others, others will treat you.
How did this happened? Rockefeller bought out 22 of his 26 competitors to control the oil refinery business through Standard Oil Company. Standard Oil Company soon controlled one tenth of American refining, but competitive chaos persisting. Aiming to impose oil on oil price, he acquired more refineries. And he used new transportation methods such as the railroad tank car and the pipeline.
Public opposition to Standard Oil Company grew as Rockefeller was condemned for price discrimination, secret railroad rebates, industrial bribery and espionage, and running small firms through unfair compeition, such as cutting off their crude oil supplies and restricting their transportation outlets. Standard Oil soon fell afoul of the Sherman Antitrust Act. In 1911, the US Supreme Court ordered the monopoly to separate into 34 separating companies such as ExxonMobil, Chevron,Amoco etc.
In order to protect his life after threats, he had to hire many bodyguards to protect his life. Finally he made a choice to retire early. When Rockefeller turned to philanthropy during his retirement, it comes with great difficulty too. When he wanted to donate to a church initially, all over the world, there were many others who scolded him and his money that they were derived from ruthless means. However, he did not give up.
In 1884, he provided major funding for a college in Atlanta for African-American women that became Spelman College (named for Rockefeller’s in-laws who were ardent abolitionists before the Civil War). The oldest existing building on Spelman’s campus, Rockefeller Hall, is named after him. Rockefeller also gave considerable donations to Denison University and other Baptist colleges.
Rockefeller gave $80 million to the University of Chicago under William Rainey Harper, turning a small Baptist college into a world-class institution by 1900. His General Education Board, founded in 1902, was established to promote education at all levels everywhere in the country. It was especially active in supporting black schools in the South. Its most dramatic impact came by funding the recommendations of the Flexner Report of 1910, which had been funded by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching; it revolutionized the study of medicine in the United States.
Rockefeller’s poor health at 53 was supposed to have taken his life. However, after his numerous charity deeds, he gained happinesses and was not so troubled, hence he slept well. Probably due to this, he was able to continue to live on till 98 years old.